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What is depression?

Posted on September 3, 2013 in -

The term depression describes an illness characterised by intense depressed mood that generally persists for two weeks or longer and significantly affects a person’s life. It is often accompanied by feelings of sadness, helplessness, and a loss of enjoyment and satisfaction. Depression can be caused by many different factors, including heredity, biochemical imbalances in the brain, personal and work-related stress, bereavement, trauma or long term personality traits. Not all people who feel sad are necessarily depressed.

 Symptoms of Depression: The severity and frequency of symptoms will vary from one individual to the next. The symptoms may consist of:

  • Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood
  • Feelings of hopelessness, pessimism
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities that were once enjoyed, including sex
  • Decreased energy, fatigue, being “slowed down”
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering, making decisions
  • Insomnia, early-morning wakening, or oversleeping
  • Appetite and/or weight loss or overeating and weight gain
  • Thoughts of death or suicide; suicide attempts
  • Restlessness, irritability
  • Persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment, such as headaches, digestive disorders and chronic pain.

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